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Small Wild Cat Facts


( The Caracal )




Bobcat


  • The bobcat gets its name from its stumpy tail.

  • The further north bobcats live, the bigger they
    grow; The largest are found in Canada.

  • Bobcats are good swimmers,But rarely go into the water.

  • New Yorks Catskill Mountains were named after the bobcat.


  • Caracal


  • Caracals can kill large snakes,One adult in
    an Indian zoo killed a cobra.

  • The name Caracal comes from the Turkish karakulak
    which means (black ear)

  • The caracal occasionally cries out like a leopard.
    when disturbed at a kill it hises and growls like other cats.

  • There are reports of caracals catching and killing
    tawny eagles and martail eagles.


  • Clouded Leopard


  • Clouded Leopards are named for the cloud-like pattern of markings
    with blackish edges and pale centers. Base colors can vary from
    yellowish to gray, with black spots on the head, legs and tail.

  • The clouded leopard`s canine teeth are similar in
    shape to those of the extinct saber-toothed tiger.

  • Unlike other cats the clouded leopard does not roar
    A bone in its voice box prevents it.

  • A clouded leopards tail can grow to three feet.

  • Male cubs grow faster then females
    from six weeks on and are heavier.

  • Borneo natives used clouded leopards, teeth for earings
    and their skins for tribal battle dress.


  • Lynx


  • The lynx has a acute sence of smell and can
    detect a rat at 250 feet.

  • The lynx can run up to 30 mph,Though some repots
    say the lynx are slow runners.

  • The feet of a lynx are large,round and padded
    underneath to help it travel over deep snow.

  • A lynx can jump 6 feet into the air to catch
    a bird as it takes off from the ground.


  • Ocelot


  • The ocelot sleeps lying down with its forepaws
    stretched out in front and its head resting on them
    much in the same way a dog does
    Its the only small cat that sleeps in this manner.

  • The Ocelots grow more slowly, relative to body size
    than any other cat.Not achieving adult size
    until they are 2 to 2.5 years of age.

  • In 1968 North America fur traders imported a
    total of 129,000 ocelot pelts.


  • Serval


  • The serval was once thought to be a separate species.

  • Servals can leap up to 10 feet in the air.

  • It has been esitmated that a serval eats about
    4,000 rodents 260 snakes,and 130 birds a year.


  • European Wildcat


  • Small cats like the wildcat are unable to roar because
    of a bone in their larynex.But the can purr while breathing
    both in and out,which big cats cannot do.

  • The Egyptians domesticated
    the African Wildcat to protect thier grain.

  • The Wildcat was once found throughout
    northern Europe, It left during the Middle Ages
    because of the cooling climate.


  • Fishing Cat


  • A fishing cat taps the surface of the water
    to attract fish. They prefer
    slow moving or static water sources.

  • When swimming, a fishing cat uses
    its short, flattened tail like a rudder.

  • Fishing cats are nocturnal.

  • A fishing catís claws are not fully sheathed
    and are visible in the retracted position.


  • Margay


  • Margay with its flexible ankle bones can
    rotate 180 degrees out ward.

  • Margay are also known as the Tree Ocelot and Long-Tailed Spotted Cat

  • Only the Margay and the clouded leopard have the
    ankle flexibility to enable them to climb down trees head first.


  • Jaguarundi


  • With its very long tail it gives the impression that
    its head is too small for its body.

  • Jaguarundis are very good swimmers.

  • Jaguarundis are also known as,Leoncillo (Little Lion) and Otter Cat.

  • Jaguarundis only have 36 chromosome pairs, unlike the other big cats who have 38.

  • It is believed that Jaguarundis are likely to be the descendants
    of the Puma (ancestral), which originates from Asia.


  • Pallasís Cat


  • Extremely short legs Ears that are wide apart
    and low on the catís head Very short claws.

  • A flat-looking face Fewer teeth than most wild cats.


  • Sand Cat


  • The sand cat is the smallest wild cat.

  • The visible part of the catís ear is extremely large, which helps protect the ear from the sand.

  • Sand cats are exceptional diggers.


  • Jungle Cat


  • Jungle cats are speedy runners; a cat in Iran was recorded running at 20 miles per hour.

  • These cats have been depicted in ancient Egyptian art and have been mummified as well.

  • There are ample evidence from ancient Egypt
    that these cats were kept as pets to control rodents.





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